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16.12.2009

Права собственности для иностранных граждан



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 Наиболее часто возникает вопрос: Может ли иностранное физическое лицо единолично владеть правами на земельные участки в Таиланде? Ответ в любом случае однозначный: Нет.

 Кроме того, иностранец не имеет права владеть более 49% акций зарегистрированной в Таиланде компании, которая владеет земельной собственностью. Однако существуют абсолютно законные пути:



1.
Иностранный акционер осуществляет единоличный контроль над учреждённой им тайской компанией и над производимыми ею инвестициями.
2. Иностранным физическим лицам позволяется владеть зданиями, отдельными от земельных участков, с регистрацией на землю права 30-летней аренды, которая впоследствии может быть пролонгирована. Данный вариант рассматривается многими собственниками, как почти равнозначный праву владения землей.
3. Резидентная компания, зарегистрированная на основание законодательства Таиланда, имеет право приобретать и продавать землю, как юридическое лицо. Таким образом иностранное физическое лицо, являющееся директором и акционером компании, может становиться собственником земельных наделов посредством своей компании. Владение землей и проведение инвестиций должно быть отражено в видах деятельности, разрешенных компании (указывается в Приложении к регистрационному Сертификату «Виды деятельности компании»). Иностранцы имеют право владеть до 49% акций компании, оставшиеся 51% должны по закону принадлежать резидентам Таиланда. Каждая компания (Thai Limited Company) должна иметь минимум 7 акционеров. Иностранному лицу позволяется владеть привилегированными акциями, дающими преимущество при голосовании, и таким образом, контролировать компанию, и соответственно, приобретенную на нее собственность.

 Часто инвесторы спрашивают, какая схема владения землей больше отвечает принципам надёжности? И тот, и другой метод имеют свои плюсы. В связи с тем, что иностранные граждане не имеют права владеть землей напрямую, право владения через регистрируемую аренду с возможностью её последующей пролонгации, является практически аналогичным праву собственности. В данном случае это означает следующее: тайская компания, которую вы контролируете, владеет земельной собственностью. Для дополнительной безопасности (если таковая требуется) можно сдавать рассматриваемый земельный участок в аренду самому себе от имени компании, которой Вы владеете. Более того, Вы можете также заложить от имени компании данный земельный участок в свою пользу: земельный участок может быть передан в залог иностранному лицу в качестве обеспечения под заем средств тайскому физическому или юридическому лицу. Регистрационный сбор составляет 1% от суммы, указанной в залоговом соглашении. Должно быть представлено доказательство того, что гербовый сбор по залоговому соглашению был полностью и своевременно уплачен. Обе эти схемы широко представлены в юридической практике. Передача права собственности на недвижимость регистрируется местным Земельным Департаментом, для чего в государственный орган предоставляется контракт, подписанный сторонами. Обычно на каждую сделку купли- продажи существует два контракта: первый – договор между покупателем и продавцом, регулирующий сроки и формы расчетов, дополнительные условия, накладываемые на стороны (организация подъезда, проведение электрической линии и т.п.); этот договор обычно подготавливается квалифицированным юристом или агентом по недвижимости, содержит в себе график и реальные суммы платежей. Второй – это официальный договор Земельного Департамента, где фиксируется только факт передачи конкретного участка от одного собственника другому по цене, установленной Земельным Департаментом на текущий момент. Этот шаг обычно совершается после проведения сторонами всех взаиморасчетов. По желанию сторон, может быть заявлена и реальная цена земельного участка, если ее стоимость превосходит действующие цены Департамента. С этой суммы будут удержаны налоги и сборы за перерегистрацию права собственности. Подобным же образом регистрируются договоры аренды недвижимости.

 

 Приобретение кондоминиумов

 Правила, определяющие владение кондоминиумом в Таиланде, во многом подобны тем, что определяют право владения землей. На каждые отдельные апартаменты выдаётся специальный сертификат собственности, регистрация купли- продажи этой собственности также производится в Земельном Департаменте. В связи с тем, что каждые апартаменты несут в себе также пропорциональный им кусок земли, на котором располагается застройка, то право собственности иностранцев жестко контролируется. Иностранные физические лица, резидентные компании, контролируемые иностранцами или же иностранные компании могут владеть не более 49% земельной собственности кондоминиума. Нерезиденты, приобретающие собственность в кондоминиумах, должны представить доказательство того, что средства на покупку были ввезены в Таиланд из-за границы. Данное решение, в основном, направлено на то, чтобы иностранцы не могли кредитоваться в банках Таиланда на приобретение жилья. Однако если иностранец официально трудоустроен в Таиланде, он может использовать для приобретения собственности средства, заработанные по месту своей работы. Исключение в данном случае составляют компании, поддерживаемые государственной программой Совета по Инвестициям (Board Of Investments). В любом случае, кондоминиум может быть взят в аренду иностранным лицом по тому же самому принципу, что и земельные наделы.

 Пять основных вопросов по приобретению собственности

 Если вы собираетесь приобрести собственность в Таиланде, необходимо рассмотреть Вашу будущую недвижимость с точки зрения 5 основных аспектов:
1. Кто является ее текущим владельцем (застройщиком), икаков документ, определяющий право собственности, выданный земельным департаментом;
2. Условия окружающей местности, доступность, наличие развитой инфраструктуры
3. Контроль над произведенными инвестициями и возможными налоговыми отчислениями, которые связаны с ними;
4. Получение соответствующих гарантий при строительстве от Вашего будущего подрядчика;
5. Страховка на случай возможного банкротства подрядчика.

Типы земельных документов>

Смотрите также: 
Вы - Директор тайской компании. Что нужно знать. | Регистрация компании в Таиланде. Расходы.Правоустанавливающие документы на землю | Покупка недвижимости на нулевом цикле строительства |Оформление покупки квартиры в кондоминимуме (вторичный рынок) | Аренда квартиры: налог на доход физического лица | Налоги на приобретение, владение и продажу недвижимости в Таиланде. | Типы земельных документов | Права собственности для иностранных граждан 

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 The most common question arises: Can a foreign person individually own the rights to land in Thailand? The answer in any case an unambiguous: None.

 In addition, the alien has no right to own more than 49% of the shares registered in Thailand, the company that owns the land ownership. However, there are perfectly legitimate ways:



1.
Foreign shareholder has sole control of established Thai company and produced over its investments.
2. Foreign individuals are allowed to own buildings, separate from land, the registration of land rights of 30-year lease, which subsequently can be prolonged. This option is considered by many owners, as almost equivalent to land.
3. resident company incorporated under the laws of Thailand, has the right to acquire and sell land, as a legal entity. Thus, a foreign individual is a director and shareholder of the company may become the owner of the land holdings through his company. Land ownership and holding of investments should be reflected in the activities authorized by the company (as specified in the Annex to the Certificate of Registration "Types of the company"). Foreigners have the right to own up to 49% of the shares, the remaining 51% must by law belong to the residents of Thailand. Each company (Thai Limited Company) shall have a minimum of 7 shareholders. A foreign person is allowed to own preferred shares, giving the advantage in the voting, and thus control the company, and accordingly, the acquired her property.

 Often, investors are asking what kind of scheme to land ownership is more consistent with the principles of reliability? And he and other methods have their advantages. Due to the fact that foreign nationals have no right to own land directly, through the ownership of the registered lease with the possibility of further extension, is almost the same ownership. In this case it means the following: a Thai company that you control owns landed property. For added security (if required) can take under consideration the land lease to himself on behalf of the company you own. Moreover, you can also lay on behalf of the land, in its favor: the land may be pledged to the foreign person as collateral for borrowing Thai person or entity. Registration fee is 1% of the amount specified in the escrow agreement. Should be submitted proof that the stamp duty on security agreement has been fully and timely paid. Both these schemes are well represented in legal practice. Transfer of ownership of the property is registered local Land Department, for which a public agency awarded the contract, signed by the parties. Typically, for each sale transaction, there are two contracts: the first - the contract between the buyer and seller, which regulates the timing and form of payment, the additional conditions imposed on the parties (the organization of an entrance, an electric line, etc.) that contract is usually prepared qualified lawyer or real estate agent, contains a schedule and the actual amount of payments. Second - this is an official agreement of the Land Department, which records only the fact of a particular section from one owner to another at a price fixed by the Land Department to date. This step usually takes place after the parties of all mutual. At the request of the parties, may be declared and the real price of land if its value exceeds the current price of the Department. From this amount will be deducted taxes and fees for re-registration of ownership. Similarly recorded leases of real estate.

 

 Acquisition condominiums

 The rules governing ownership of a condominium in Thailand, in many respects similar to those that determine the ownership of the land. For every individual apartment is issued a special certificate of ownership, registration of sale of the property is also produced by the Land Department. Due to the fact that every apartment carry them as a proportional piece of land on which the building is located, the ownership of foreigners is tightly controlled. Foreign natural persons resident companies controlled by foreigners or foreign companies can own no more than 49% of land ownership condominium. Non-residents who buy property in condominiums, must submit proof that the funds for the purchase were imported into Thailand from abroad. This decision is mainly aimed at ensuring that foreigners could not have credited in the Bank of Thailand for the purchase of housing. However, if the alien is officially employed in Thailand, it can be used for the acquisition of property funds earned from their workplace. The exception in this case a company supported by the state program of the Council on Investments (Board Of Investments). In any case, a condominium can be rented by a foreign person on the same principle as the land holdings.

 Five major issues on the acquisition of property

 If you intend to buy property in Thailand, you should consider your future real estate in terms of 5 main aspects:
1. Who is its current owner (the developer), Chrysobalanus icaco document that defines the ownership, issued by the Land Department;
2. Terms of the surrounding terrain, accessibility, availability of infrastructure
3. Control over the investments and possible tax deductions that are associated with them;
4. Obtaining adequate guarantees for the construction of your future contractor;
5. Insurance for the possible bankruptcy of the contractor.

Types of land records>

";i:7;s:6029:"

 The most common question arises: Can a foreign person individually own the rights to land in Thailand? The answer in any case an unambiguous: None.

 In addition, the alien has no right to own more than 49% of the shares registered in Thailand, the company that owns the land ownership. However, there are perfectly legitimate ways:



1.
Foreign shareholder has sole control of established Thai company and produced over its investments.
2. Foreign individuals are allowed to own buildings, separate from land, the registration of land rights of 30-year lease, which subsequently can be prolonged. This option is considered by many owners, as almost equivalent to land.
3. resident company incorporated under the laws of Thailand, has the right to acquire and sell land, as a legal entity. Thus, a foreign individual is a director and shareholder of the company may become the owner of the land holdings through his company. Land ownership and holding of investments should be reflected in the activities authorized by the company (as specified in the Annex to the Certificate of Registration "Types of the company"). Foreigners have the right to own up to 49% of the shares, the remaining 51% must by law belong to the residents of Thailand. Each company (Thai Limited Company) shall have a minimum of 7 shareholders. A foreign person is allowed to own preferred shares, giving the advantage in the voting, and thus control the company, and accordingly, the acquired her property.

 Often, investors are asking what kind of scheme to land ownership is more consistent with the principles of reliability? And he and other methods have their advantages. Due to the fact that foreign nationals have no right to own land directly, through the ownership of the registered lease with the possibility of further extension, is almost the same ownership. In this case it means the following: a Thai company that you control owns landed property. For added security (if required) can take under consideration the land lease to himself on behalf of the company you own. Moreover, you can also lay on behalf of the land, in its favor: the land may be pledged to the foreign person as collateral for borrowing Thai person or entity. Registration fee is 1% of the amount specified in the escrow agreement. Should be submitted proof that the stamp duty on security agreement has been fully and timely paid. Both these schemes are well represented in legal practice. Transfer of ownership of the property is registered local Land Department, for which a public agency awarded the contract, signed by the parties. Typically, for each sale transaction, there are two contracts: the first - the contract between the buyer and seller, which regulates the timing and form of payment, the additional conditions imposed on the parties (the organization of an entrance, an electric line, etc.) that contract is usually prepared qualified lawyer or real estate agent, contains a schedule and the actual amount of payments. Second - this is an official agreement of the Land Department, which records only the fact of a particular section from one owner to another at a price fixed by the Land Department to date. This step usually takes place after the parties of all mutual. At the request of the parties, may be declared and the real price of land if its value exceeds the current price of the Department. From this amount will be deducted taxes and fees for re-registration of ownership. Similarly recorded leases of real estate.

 

 Acquisition condominiums

 The rules governing ownership of a condominium in Thailand, in many respects similar to those that determine the ownership of the land. For every individual apartment is issued a special certificate of ownership, registration of sale of the property is also produced by the Land Department. Due to the fact that every apartment carry them as a proportional piece of land on which the building is located, the ownership of foreigners is tightly controlled. Foreign natural persons resident companies controlled by foreigners or foreign companies can own no more than 49% of land ownership condominium. Non-residents who buy property in condominiums, must submit proof that the funds for the purchase were imported into Thailand from abroad. This decision is mainly aimed at ensuring that foreigners could not have credited in the Bank of Thailand for the purchase of housing. However, if the alien is officially employed in Thailand, it can be used for the acquisition of property funds earned from their workplace. The exception in this case a company supported by the state program of the Council on Investments (Board Of Investments). In any case, a condominium can be rented by a foreign person on the same principle as the land holdings.

 Five major issues on the acquisition of property

 If you intend to buy property in Thailand, you should consider your future real estate in terms of 5 main aspects:
1. Who is its current owner (the developer), Chrysobalanus icaco document that defines the ownership, issued by the Land Department;
2. Terms of the surrounding terrain, accessibility, availability of infrastructure
3. Control over the investments and possible tax deductions that are associated with them;
4. Obtaining adequate guarantees for the construction of your future contractor;
5. Insurance for the possible bankruptcy of the contractor.

Types of land records>

";i:8;s:6029:"

 The most common question arises: Can a foreign person individually own the rights to land in Thailand? The answer in any case an unambiguous: None.

 In addition, the alien has no right to own more than 49% of the shares registered in Thailand, the company that owns the land ownership. However, there are perfectly legitimate ways:



1.
Foreign shareholder has sole control of established Thai company and produced over its investments.
2. Foreign individuals are allowed to own buildings, separate from land, the registration of land rights of 30-year lease, which subsequently can be prolonged. This option is considered by many owners, as almost equivalent to land.
3. resident company incorporated under the laws of Thailand, has the right to acquire and sell land, as a legal entity. Thus, a foreign individual is a director and shareholder of the company may become the owner of the land holdings through his company. Land ownership and holding of investments should be reflected in the activities authorized by the company (as specified in the Annex to the Certificate of Registration "Types of the company"). Foreigners have the right to own up to 49% of the shares, the remaining 51% must by law belong to the residents of Thailand. Each company (Thai Limited Company) shall have a minimum of 7 shareholders. A foreign person is allowed to own preferred shares, giving the advantage in the voting, and thus control the company, and accordingly, the acquired her property.

 Often, investors are asking what kind of scheme to land ownership is more consistent with the principles of reliability? And he and other methods have their advantages. Due to the fact that foreign nationals have no right to own land directly, through the ownership of the registered lease with the possibility of further extension, is almost the same ownership. In this case it means the following: a Thai company that you control owns landed property. For added security (if required) can take under consideration the land lease to himself on behalf of the company you own. Moreover, you can also lay on behalf of the land, in its favor: the land may be pledged to the foreign person as collateral for borrowing Thai person or entity. Registration fee is 1% of the amount specified in the escrow agreement. Should be submitted proof that the stamp duty on security agreement has been fully and timely paid. Both these schemes are well represented in legal practice. Transfer of ownership of the property is registered local Land Department, for which a public agency awarded the contract, signed by the parties. Typically, for each sale transaction, there are two contracts: the first - the contract between the buyer and seller, which regulates the timing and form of payment, the additional conditions imposed on the parties (the organization of an entrance, an electric line, etc.) that contract is usually prepared qualified lawyer or real estate agent, contains a schedule and the actual amount of payments. Second - this is an official agreement of the Land Department, which records only the fact of a particular section from one owner to another at a price fixed by the Land Department to date. This step usually takes place after the parties of all mutual. At the request of the parties, may be declared and the real price of land if its value exceeds the current price of the Department. From this amount will be deducted taxes and fees for re-registration of ownership. Similarly recorded leases of real estate.

 

 Acquisition condominiums

 The rules governing ownership of a condominium in Thailand, in many respects similar to those that determine the ownership of the land. For every individual apartment is issued a special certificate of ownership, registration of sale of the property is also produced by the Land Department. Due to the fact that every apartment carry them as a proportional piece of land on which the building is located, the ownership of foreigners is tightly controlled. Foreign natural persons resident companies controlled by foreigners or foreign companies can own no more than 49% of land ownership condominium. Non-residents who buy property in condominiums, must submit proof that the funds for the purchase were imported into Thailand from abroad. This decision is mainly aimed at ensuring that foreigners could not have credited in the Bank of Thailand for the purchase of housing. However, if the alien is officially employed in Thailand, it can be used for the acquisition of property funds earned from their workplace. The exception in this case a company supported by the state program of the Council on Investments (Board Of Investments). In any case, a condominium can be rented by a foreign person on the same principle as the land holdings.

 Five major issues on the acquisition of property

 If you intend to buy property in Thailand, you should consider your future real estate in terms of 5 main aspects:
1. Who is its current owner (the developer), Chrysobalanus icaco document that defines the ownership, issued by the Land Department;
2. Terms of the surrounding terrain, accessibility, availability of infrastructure
3. Control over the investments and possible tax deductions that are associated with them;
4. Obtaining adequate guarantees for the construction of your future contractor;
5. Insurance for the possible bankruptcy of the contractor.

Types of land records>

";}



Смотрите также: Нoвocти нeдвижимocти Тaйлaндa | Новости Тaйлaндa, Пaттaйи

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